Antacid tablet uses dose side effects precautions

Lets take look on what type of reaction takes place in stomach when antacid tablet is consumed. Side effects of antacids.How antacids work

How antacids work

Antacids are over-the-counter (OTC) drugs that assist in the neutralization of stomach acid.

They function differently than other acid reducers like H2 receptor blockers and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). These medications act by lowering or inhibiting stomach acid output.
Antacids can be used to address the following symptoms of high stomach acid:

Regurgitation, bitter taste, chronic dry cough, pain while lying down, and difficulty swallowing are all symptoms of acid reflux.

Acid reflux causes heartburn, which is a burning sensation in your chest or neck, and indigestion, which is a pain in your upper intestines that may seem like gas or bloating.

Types of antacids

Antacids usually come in the following drug forms:


chewable gummy or tablet

a tablet that you dissolve in water to drink

Popular antacid brands include:






When to Use Antacids | antacid tablet uses

Antacids are an effective treatment for occasional heartburn. Antacids should be taken about 1 hour after eating or whenever you feel heartburn. If you're taking them at night for symptoms, don't take them with meals.

More serious disorders, such as appendicitis, a stomach ulcer, gallstones, or bowel difficulties, cannot be treated with antacids. If you encounter any of the following issues, contact your service provider:

Pain or symptoms that do not get better with antacids

Symptoms every day or at night

Nausea and vomiting

Bleeding in your bowel movements or darkened bowel movements

Bloating or cramping

Pain in your lower belly, on your side, or in your back

Diarrhea that is severe or does not go away

Fever with your belly pain

Chest pain or shortness of breath

Trouble swallowing

Weight loss that you cannot explain

Precautions while taking antacid

Most people are not adversely affected by antacids. People with specific medical issues, on the other hand, should see their doctors before taking antacids containing aluminum hydroxide and magnesium carbonate.

People with heart failure, for example, maybe subjected to salt limitations in order to reduce fluid buildup. However, antacids are frequently high in salt. Before taking antacids, these persons should consult with their doctor.

After taking antacids, those with kidney failure may acquire an aluminum accumulation. Aluminum poisoning may result as a result of this. Electrolyte balance issues are common in people with renal failure. All antacids contain electrolytes, which may exacerbate electrolyte balance issues.

Before giving your child antacids, consult with his or her doctor. Because children rarely experience symptoms of high stomach acid, their symptoms could be due to another issue.

side effects of antacids

Antacids rarely cause side effects. They can, however, occur even when used in accordance with the instructions.

Antacids can produce constipation or act as a laxative. Some persons have experienced allergic responses. Antacids may also increase the likelihood of developing food sensitivities.

Side effects from misuse | antacid side effects long-term use

Many of the side effects of antacids are caused by not taking them as prescribed.

Calcium is found in several antacids, including Maalox, Mylanta, Rolaids, and Tums. You could have a calcium overdose if you take too much or for too long. Too much calcium can lead to:

Changes in mental state, nausea, vomiting

stones in the kidneys

Alkalosis can also be caused by an excess of calcium. In this state, your body does not produce enough acid to function correctly.

If you feel like you need to take a lot of antacids to get relief, this could be an indication of something else. If you've taken an antacid as directed and still don't feel better, consult your doctor.

Drug interactions

Antacids can impair the effectiveness of other medications. If you are on any other medications, consult your doctor or pharmacist before using antacids.

Alternative Names

Heartburn - antacids; Reflux - antacids; GERD - antacids


How long does the effect of antacid last?

You can take antacids 30 minutes before eating, but most individuals find that taking antacids an hour after eating or when their symptoms first show provides longer-lasting relief (up to 2 hours).

What happens when you take an antacid tablet?

Antacids work by neutralizing the acid produced by your stomach. They are widely used in cases when it is beneficial to neutralize gastric acid. For instance, acid reflux, which causes heartburn. The majority of persons who take antacids experience no negative effects.

What happens if you take antacids after eating?

Antacids should be taken with a meal or shortly after eating because this is when you are most likely to experience indigestion or heartburn. If taken with food, the medicine's effect may last longer.

How many antacids can I take in a day?

Take the dosage as per your Doctor's guidelines.

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